There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Brasília each year. The main ones are listed below.January 1: New Year's Day (national holiday) February: Carnival (local event)
Just like in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian capital puts on quite a show for carnival every year, including a huge and colourful parade. Brasília's streets are given over to the beat of the samba.April 21: Brasília Day (local event)
Commemorates the presidential inauguration on this day in 1960, naming Brasília the capital of Brazil. Designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer and urban planner Lucio Costa, the city's construction was a colossal and mind-boggling accomplishment.May 1: Labour Day (national holiday) May 22: Corpus Christi (national holiday)
This springtime commemoration of the Holy Eucharist was introduced by the Portuguese. This is an all-day affair in Brasília, with processions of children dressed in white and streets covered in sawdust, leaves, dried flowers, coffee grounds and chalk.September 7: Independence Day (national holiday)
Brazil's independence from Portugal on this day in 1822 is celebrated in Brasília with fireworks, concerts and other staged performances, streets parties and dances.November 2: All Souls' Day (Dia de Finados, national holiday)
On this day, families gather to pay tribute to the departed and decorate their tombs at the cemetery.December 2: National Samba Day (celebrated nationwide)
This day celebrating Brazil's most popular dance form also marks the official start of the summer holidays. As in other cities across the country, it is celebrated in Brasília with numerous samba performances, concerts and revellers dancing in the streets.December 25: Christmas (national holiday)
|Month||Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Average Rains (MM)||Best Time to Travel|
|January||17/63||27/81||241/9.5||Not the best period to go|
|February||17/63||27/81||214/8.4||Not the best period to go|
|March||17/63||27/81||189/7.4||Not the best period to go|
|April||17/63||27/81||123/4.8||Not the best period to go|
|May||15/59||26/79||39/1.5||Good period to go|
|June||13/55||25/77||8/0.3||Good period to go|
|July||13/55||25/77||11/0.4||Good period to go|
|August||15/59||27/81||12/0.5||Good period to go|
|September||16/61||28/61||51/2.0||Not the best period to go|
|October||17/63||27/81||172/6.8||Not the best period to go|
|November||17/63||26/79||238||Not the best period to go|
|December||17/63||26/79||248/9.8||Not the best period to go|
Brasília International Airport is located about 11 kilometres (7 miles) south of the city centre.
Built in the late 1960s, Brasília was designed specifically for cars. As a result, other modes of transport are not very developed, although they do exist. Buses are the main public transport option. Brasília also has a Metro, built in 1992, but trains only run from the bus station along the Asa Sul to the satellite cities.
The city's bus routes serve most points of interest in Brasília. A single ticket costs BRL 3.
Taxis are plentiful in Brasília. It is important to make sure that the driver turns on the meter when setting off. Alternatively, you can agree on a price beforehand. Expect to pay between BRL 10 and BRL 20 for a trip within the city centre.
Cars are the most popular means of transport for locals in Brasília. There are many car rental agencies dotted around the city. However, like elsewhere in the country, Brasília's main thoroughfares become congested with traffic at rush hours and parking garages are often full.
Upon your arrival in Brasília, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organise your stay.Secretaria Adjunta de Turismo – Brasília
Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).
The official website developed and maintained by Embratur, the Brazilian national tourist board, provides a wealth of information on Brasília.
Brasília counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists. See your doctor before you travel. It is recommended that you obtain insurance covering health care expenses as well as medical evacuation or repatriation before you leave home.Vaccinations
Brazilian authorities now require proof of vaccination against yellow fever for travellers arriving from the following countries: French Guiana, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The original of the vaccination certificate must be presented. Booster doses of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio vaccines are mandatory. For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:
Malaria : This serious and sometimes fatal disease, transmitted by mosquitoes, requires protective measures (repellent sprays, salves, diffusers and mosquito nets for sleeping).
Dengue fever : In recent years, Brazil has seen a resurgence in dengue cases. Basic protective measures are imperative (use of insect repellent on skin and clothing).
Chikungunya : Some regions of Brazil (particular in the north and north-east of the country) have seen cases of chikungunya, a mosquito-borne infection that causes fever and severe joint pain. Protective measures should be observed (wearing long sleeves, pants and socks, use of insect repellents and mosquito nets).Water
Drinking tap water is not recommended. It is better to drink bottled water.
As a general rule, foreign nationals must apply for visa before travelling to Brazil. However, Brazil has entered into visa exemption agreements with a number of countries. To find out if you will need a visa for travel to Brazil, visit the consular section of the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website for the latest travel information and recommendations. Comprehensive information that may be helpful for international visitors is also provided on the Brazil page of the U.S. State Department’s travel Website:
To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Brasília, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.
Here are a few basic Brazilian Portuguese phrases that will make your stay in Brasília a little easier:
Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: Bom dia (morning) / Boa tarde (afternoon)
Good evening: Boa noite
No, thank you: Não, obrigado(a)
Thank you very much: Muito obrigado(a)
Please: Por favor / desculpe
I don't understand: Eu não entendo
Could you repeat ?: Você pode repetir
What time is it ?: Que horas são ?
Sorry: Com licença
Train station: Estação
I'm (…): Eu sou (…)
I'm looking for (…): Eu procuro (…)
How much is (…)?: Quanto custa (…)?
Do you have (…)?: Você tem (…)?
Where can I find (…)?: Onde é que há (…)?
Where can I buy (…)?: Onde posso comprar (…)?
I'd like (…): Queria (…)
In Brasília as in the rest of Brazil, a 10% service charge is included in the bill at bars and restaurants. However, it is customary to leave a little extra tip if you are particularly pleased with the service.